It is common to make an appointment with the doctor only when a symptom appears – which has probably been bothering you for a few days. In the conversation with the professional, the patient describes what he feels and the doctor evaluates to indicate possible tests and medications to deal with the complaint. Often, without further investigation, the patient leaves the office with a prescription and the expectation of cure from the treatment offered. However, this is not always what happens. That’s because a symptom like an upset stomach can have numerous causes, from food to daily stress. So going deep into what is causing the symptom is essential to provide improvement.
That’s where integrative medicine comes in. According to the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine, the approach is a practice of medicine that reaffirms the importance of the relationship between the patient and the health professional: it is focused on the whole person, it is informed by evidence and makes use of all appropriate therapeutic approaches, with health professionals and disciplines to obtain the best of health and healing, points out the consortium.
Another example in relation to integrative medicine is when a patient arrives with back pain. More than just, in a conventional way, prescribing an analgesic is to investigate in depth what causes this pain, what is the history of this person and bring up questions such as: which posture causes the pain? What is this person’s habits? Does she spend most of her time sitting? Do you exercise regularly? What intervention can be included in your routine to offer more quality of life and, if possible, end the pain, which would usually become chronic.
It is important to emphasize that integrative medicine is not synonymous with alternative or complementary medicine, as these methods propose other forms of treatment or complement what has already been prescribed in traditional medicine. According to the doctor Dr. Joana, who works with a focus on integrative medicine, based on the methodology, it is possible to diagnose and prevent diseases, in addition to bringing the patient to actively participate in the care of their health. “Integrative medicine can serve all audiences. It brings an integral look at the human being, evaluating body, mind and spirit. It is important to remember that we are treating people, not diseases, the focus must be on the individual as a whole and not just his diagnosis,” she says.
Therefore, integrative medicine proposes to offer the patient an integral evolution of the condition, seeking to have a broad awareness of what it is, what causes it, where it comes from and what can be changed in that person’s routine, thus evaluating, from the style of individual’s life, to the way he relates to the environment