Can dogs eat apples?


It is a good nutritional supplement. The answer is positive: dogs can eat apples.

The apple is rich in nutrients. Fortunately, dogs can eat the fruit, which is an excellent source of antioxidants, without any problems. The apple is also a low-fat food and can be offered to dogs with problems that suffer from problems with their balance.

Most dogs like the fruit. The more consistent texture poses a little challenge, especially for puppies. In addition, the apple helps to clean teeth and gums, contributing to oral hygiene.

In any case, the fruit should be given to dogs in moderation. Despite providing few calories, it is a supplement. In the case of chubby dogs, the amount of food should be reduced on days when other foods are offered.

The characteristics of the fruit

Apples are a cheap and simple option to serve. The best are the fuji and gala varieties, whose texture is more consistent. The red apple, more beautiful and attractive, is usually more mealy and dogs usually run away from it.

By the way, red apples are at risk of extinction: anthocyanin, also responsible for the color of cherries, plums and red grapes, degrades at high temperatures – and the temperature of the planet is rising.

The apple is one of the most cultivated and consumed fruits in the world. It is native to central Asia and has been part of the human diet (as well as the wolves and bears that live on the Kazakhstan-China border) for millennia. The cultivation generated other varieties, including the youngest green apple, developed only in the 17th century.

Can dogs eat apples?

Polyphenols and flavonoids, present mainly in apple peel, are substances that fight free radicals formed by organic activities (respiration, digestion, etc.). they help to preserve cells and, therefore, fight from premature aging to the development of neoplasms (malignant tumors).

A survey by Cornell University (Ithaca, New York, USA) carried out in 2013 showed that apple nutrients (pulp and peel) help fight cancer. Liver and colon biopsies treated with apple extract inhibited the proliferation of cancer cells.

Large dogs, which develop physically very quickly, need these antioxidant substances, also to prolong their life expectancy: as they grow very fast, their metabolism tends to wear out the cells more quickly – this determines an expectation of life. life span of only eight or ten years – and sometimes less.

Therefore, the apple with the skin should be included with many advantages in the diet of the big ones. It also helps to prolong the feeling of satiety, making it ideal for very voracious and gluttonous dogs.

The Nutrients of Apple

The vitamin A present in apples is a fat-soluble substance associated with the synthesis of hormones, the regulation of skin functions and the proper functioning of the eyes. The fruit helps prevent night blindness and is a good adjunct in glaucoma and cataract treatments. Apples are also rich in vitamin C, but dogs do not need to ingest this nutrient with their food: they synthesize ascorbic acid in the liver, directly from sugars.

The apple offers vitamins B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin) and B3 (niacin), which respectively prevent muscle weakness and incoordination, inflammation and infections of the mouth and nose and dermatitis, among other diseases and disorders.

The fruit is a source of phosphorus, an important mineral for the formation and maintenance of bones, and iron, which participates in the formation of hemoglobin, an important substance for the transport of oxygen to the cells.

Iron is also essential for the production of energy needed for metabolic activities. Research carried out in the USA shows that half of the dogs suffer from iron deficiency in the body.

The apple also provides pectin, an important saccharide in nutrition, which corresponds to about 1% of the total fruit ingested. Pectin helps break down sugar molecules, balances the intestinal microbiota and also acts as soluble fiber, increasing fecal bulk and facilitating the expulsion of stool.

Quercetin, also provided by apples, has anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties. Quercetin is a natural antiviral and antibacterial, collaborating with the body’s defense.

Likewise, quercetin has cardiovascular action, preventing an increase in the level of bad cholesterol (LDL) and contributing to the balance of glucose and triglyceride levels in the blood.

The apple is a “detergent” food, which collaborates with good oral hygiene, cleaning the teeth and gums and preventing the formation of bacterial plaque, which can cause gingivitis and periodontitis in dogs.

The fruit is made up of 85% water and is considered light: it provides 60 calories for every 100 grams – an average apple. In this way, it helps in hydrating the body and can be offered to overweight or obese dogs. A small dog can eat half an apple a day.

the preparation

Before giving apples to your dog, don’t forget to sanitize them. Raw foods must be washed before eating, to remove pesticides used in cultivation and dirt accumulated during transport and storage.

Wash the apples one by one with plenty of water. No detergent is needed, but soak them for ten minutes in your solution with a tablespoon of bleach (2% to 2.5% active chlorine) for every liter of water.

Remove the stalks and seeds – dogs cannot ingest them. Cut into pieces or cubes, according to the size of the animal. Remove the remains left by the furry, because the apple ferments quickly and the discarded pieces will also be dirty in a short time.

Fruit seeds (apple, pear, papaya, etc.) are bad for dogs. The canine organism cannot metabolize and the lumps are deposited in the intestinal tract, making it difficult for food to pass through. In some cases, a complete bowel obstruction may even occur. Remember: dogs can eat apples, but always without seeds!

A slice or two of apple is enough for a small dog. The pieces can be used during dressage, as prizes for success in lessons. In this case, the amount of fruit should not exceed 10% of the total calories the dog eats daily. The apple should be seen primarily as a snack, not a food.

If your dog is not used to eating vegetables, apples are a good starter, due to their texture and sweet taste. Check for possible side effects, such as increased frequency of bowel movements or changes in stools. In these situations, suspend the fruit and talk to the vet.

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